The sheet music in this digital collection has been selected from the Sheet Music Collection at the John Hay Library at Brown University. The full collection consists of approximately 500,000 items, of which perhaps 250,000 are currently available for use. It is one of the largest collections of sheet music in any library in the United States.
The Archive of Popular American Music is a non-circulating research collection covering the history of popular music in America from 1790 to the present. The collection is one of the largest in the country, numbering almost 450,000 pieces of sheet music, anthologies, and arrangements for band and orchestra, and 62,500 recordings on disc, tape, and cylinder. Subject strengths within twentieth-century holdings include music for theater, motion picture, radio and television, as well as general popular, country, rhythm and blues, and rocksongs.
Features descriptions and images of many items in the collection and publication lists.
The Historic American Sheet Music Project provides access to digital images of 3,042 pieces from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library at Duke University, published in America between 1850 and 1920.
This sheet music collection from the Library of Congress consists of approximately 9,000 items published from 1800 to 1922, although the majority is from 1850 to 1920. The bulk was published in many different cities in the United States, but some of the items bear European imprints. Most of the music is written for voice and piano; a significant minority is instrumental. Notable in this collection are early pieces by Irving Berlin and Jerome Kern, as well as music by other popular composers such as Victor Herbert, Jean Schwartz, Paul Dresser, Ernest R. Ball, Gussie L. Davis, Charles K. Harris, and George M. Cohan. Numerous arrangements of classical tunes by Bach, Beethoven, Schubert and other famous classical composers are also well-represented.
This collection, at the Milton S. Eisenhower Library of The Johns Hopkins University, contains over 29,000 pieces of music and focuses on popular American music spanning the period 1780 to 1960. All pieces of the collection are indexed on this site and a search will retrieve a catalog description of the pieces and an image of the cover and each page of music.
The Archive is primarily concerned with documenting the world of early jazzmen, so visitors will find ample information on Louis Armstrong, King Oliver, Kid Ory, Bunk Johnson, and many others. Visitors can start their journey through the site by clicking on the "Bands" area. Here they will find an extensive list of the bands from the "hot" era organized alphabetically.
An index to more than 300,000 entries, covering 250 music magazines from 20 countries, covering all types of contemporary popular music: rock, jazz, roots, blues, rap, soul, gospel, country, reggae, etc.
A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation consists of a linked set of published congressional records of the United States of America from the Continental Congress through the 43rd Congress, 1774-1875. It includes the Journals of the Continental Congress (1774-89); the Letters of Delegates to Congress (1774-89); the Records of the Federal Convention of 1787, or Farrand's Records, and the Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution (1787-88), or Elliot's Debates; the Journals of the House of Representatives (1789-1875) and the Senate (1789-1875), including the Senate Executive Journal (1789-1875); the Journal of William Maclay (1789-91), senator from Pennsylvania in the 1st Congress; the debates of Congress as published in the Annals of Congress (1789-1824), the Register of Debates (1824-37), Congressional Globe (1833-73), and Congressional Record (1873-75); the Statutes at Large (1789-1875); the American State Papers (1789-1838); and congressional bills and resolutions for selected sessions beginning with the 6th Congress (1799) in the House of Representatives and the 16th Congress (1819) in the Senate. A select number of documents and reports from the monumental U.S. Congressional Serial Set are available as well.
The American Presidency Project was established in 1999 as a collaboration between John Woolley and Gerhard Peters at the University of California, Santa Barbara. The archives contain 75,117 documents related to the study of the Presidency.
This resource is sponsored by the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. Launched originally in 2000 as the online companion to "The American President" -- the six-part PBS television series -- American President is a resource on the history of the presidency and the nature of contemporary policy making.
Online publication of the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, published by the Senate Historical Office and the Legislative Resource Center of the House of Representatives. Includes images from the Senate Historical Office. Database is searchable by name, position, and state.
The Center is a non-profit educational institution devoted to the study of the presidency, government, and politics.
The purpose of Data.gov is to increase public access to high value, machine readable datasets generated by the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. Data.gov includes searchable data catalogs providing access to data in three ways: through the "raw" data catalog, the tool catalog and the geodata catalog.
Read about the presidents and explore the electoral process, election results, images, video, and important documents related to the evolution of the nation's highest office.
This Library of Congress collection offers approximately 400 items or 2,000 digital files from each of the 54 inaugurations from George Washington's in 1789 to George W. Bush's inauguration of 2001. This includes diaries and letters of presidents and of those who witnessed inaugurations, handwritten drafts of inaugural addresses, broadsides, inaugural tickets and programs, prints, photographs, and sheet music.
Over 170,000 assassination-related documents. Contributing agencies include: the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); the Department of Justice; and the Department of State.
The Scripps Library and Multimedia Archive serves as a research facility for scholars of U. S. public policy. The Library’s collection is a specialized one focused on American politics and history with special attention paid to the American Presidency.
This resource you will find background information, election results, cabinet members, notable events, and some points of interest on each of the presidents. Links to biographies, historical documents, audio and video files, and other presidential sites are also included.
The Presidency Research Group represents the scholarly community whose professional interests focus on the American Presidency.
The Presidential Library system is made up of ten Presidential Libraries. This nationwide network of libraries is administered by the Office of Presidential Libraries, which is part of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), located in College Park, MD. These are not traditional libraries, but rather repositories for preserving and making available the papers, records, and other historical materials of U.S. Presidents since Herbert Hoover.
A brief history of the role of the Vice President as President of the U.S. Senate.
THOMAS has the Congressional Record and full text of legislation available from 1989 (101st Congress) to the present. In addition, THOMAS has summaries (not full text) of legislation from 1973 (93rd Congress). From the Library of Congress.
This University of Richmond project examines the evolution of presidential politics in the United States across the span of American history. It offers a wide spectrum of cinematic and interactive visualizations of how Americans voted in presidential elections at the county level over the past 164 years. There are expert analysis and commentary videos that discuss some of the most interesting and significant trends in American political history.
Contains information on reported voting and registration by various demographic and socioeconomic characteristics for the United States.
The White House Historical Association is a charitable nonprofit institution whose purpose is to enhance the understanding, appreciation and enjoyment of the White House.
Information on the White House, including historical details and instructions for joining the public tours.
This web site, based on the book Women in Congress, 1917–2006, contains biographical profiles of former women Members of Congress, links to information about current women Members, essays on the institutional and national events that shaped successive generations of Congresswomen, and images of each woman Member, including rare photos.
An ongoing Web access program from the University of Virginia that provides links to student designed projects on American History and Studies.
The Brooklyn Daily Eagle was published from October 26, 1841 to 1955 and was revived for a short time from 1960 to 1963. Currently, the digitized newspaper collection includes the period from October 26, 1841 to December 31, 1902, representing half of the Eagle's years of publication.
This Library of Congress site allows you to search and read newspaper pages from 1900-1910 and find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present.
Common-Place is an electronic quarterly journal about early American history and culture before 1900.
Documenting the American South (DocSouth) is a digital publishing initiative that provides Internet access to texts, images, and audio files related to southern history, literature, and culture. Currently DocSouth includes ten thematic collections of books, diaries, posters, artifacts, letters, oral history interviews, and songs.
The Gilder Lehrman Collection is the largest private collection of American history documents in the world. It preserves, exhibits, and disseminates archival resources chronicling the history of the United States from the beginning of European colonization, with emphasis on the period from 1760 through 1876. The collection contains resources on the history of colonial settlement, Indian relations, the American Revolution and its origins, the Constitution, the struggle over slavery, and the Civil War.
H-Net Web Site includes archived copies of all history related listserv discussion lists and vacancy announcements for various fields in the humanities.
The American Memory Project are multimedia collections of digitized documents, photographs, recorded sound, moving pictures, and text from the Library's Americana collections.
Materials accessible here are Cornell University Library's contributions to Making of America (MOA), a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology.
The Making of America (MOA) is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction.
The American Historical Association produced the G.I. Roundtable Series to help win World War II. The site is comprised of three main sections. Section I: The pamphlets, reproduced here as primary documents, provide a unique insight into what Americans were thinking about at the end of the war, and how the recent past was seen as a prelude to the future. Section II: A still-evolving selection of Background documents and related readings to provide context on the origins and production of the series and the historiography of the period. Section III: The site provides an extensive analysis of the origins of the series, and how it fit into both the Army's larger program of preparation for postwar changes as well as the larger culture in which they were produced.
This site from the Middle Tennessee State University Library offers two approaches for the study of specific time periods in American women's history. A timeline and a guide to the selected resources for those time periods.
American Women's History provides citations to print and Internet reference sources, as well as to selected large primary source collections. The guide also provides information about the tools researchers can use to find additional books, articles, dissertations, and primary sources from Middle Tennessee State University Library.
A product of Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library.
The University of Denver Cookery and Foodways Collection is particularly strong in American regional cookery, and contains a large number of privately published fund-raising cookbooks from churches, service organizations, and other community groups.
This web site is based upon curriculum materials produced by American Social History Project as part of the Who Built America? series.
A collection of useful sites on the history of the U.S. Women's Suffrage Movement.
The complete National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) Collection is a library of 700-800 titles collected between 1890 and 1938 by members of NAWSA and donated to the Rare Books Division of the Library of Congress on November 1, 1938. The bulk of the collection is derived from the library of Carrie Chapman Catt, president of NAWSA from 1900-1904, and again from 1915-1920. Additional materials were donated from the libraries of other members and officers, including Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone, Alice Stone Blackwell, Julia Ward Howe, Elizabeth Smith Miller, and Mary A. Livermore.
The National Women's History Project is an educational nonprofit organization. The project provides information, educational materials, and programs on the diverse and historic accomplishments of women.
The Sophia Smith Collection at Smith College is an internationally recognized repository of manuscripts, photographs, periodicals and other primary sources in women's history.
The Women and Social Movements website is a project of the Center for the Historical Study of Women and Gender at the State University of New York at Binghamton and includes roughly 900 documents, 400 images, and 350 links to other websites.
During the first half of the nineteenth century, Tocqueville and Beaumont were joined by scores of other European travelers curious about the new republic, and anxious to fill the European demand for accounts of American life. One of the most striking was the status of women--their domestic roles, their freedom in youth, their responsibilities in marriage, and their importance to the moral and religious life of the republic. Tocqueville and Beaumont observed all manner of social gatherings and recorded the conversations with prominent American citizens on a number of matters, including morality and the status of women.
Women Working, 1800 - 1930 focuses on women's role in the United States economy and provides access to digitized historical, manuscript, and image resources selected from Harvard University's library and museum collections. The collection features approximately 500,000 digitized pages and images.
The Antique Automobile Club of America, founded in 1935, is dedicated to perpetuating the memories of early automobiles by encouraging their history, collection and use.
This site was created and developed by the University of Michigan-Dearborn and the Henry Ford Museum. Each of the site’s five sections (design, environment, gender, labor, race) contains two essays—an overview of the topic and a more focused case study—plus a select annotated bibliography or bibliographic essay to guide further reading.
The Carriage Association of America is an organization devoted to the preservation and restoration of horse drawn carriages and sleighs. The site features information about the organization and links to related sites.
A fan site on the history and current state of movie drive-ins in the U.S.
This is the online resource of the advertising monthly that is devoted to antique, classic, vintage, muscle, street rod, and special interest automobiles, catering to car collectors and restorers. HMN also features the hobby's most complete calendar of upcoming events, hobbyists' legislative alerts, and a monthly listing of stolen collector cars.
The Henry Ford Museum began as Henry Ford's personal collection of historic objects. Today, the 12 acre site is primarily a collection of antique machinery, pop culture items, automobiles, locomotives, aircraft, and other items.
The online version of the print journal in support of small farmers and loggers who use draft horse, mule and ox power. It features articles and dialogues on animals, equipment, health information, and other resources.
Established in 1977, the SCA is the oldest national organization devoted to the buildings, artifacts, structures, signs, and symbols of the 20th-century commercial landscape.
This bibliography was written in conjunction with the American Presidency exhibition and is age and grade specific.
This bibliography was written in conjunction with the American Presidency exhibition and is age and grade specific.
Resources on Anatomy, Papier- Mâché, Preservation, and Trade Catalogs.
A bibliography of monographs and lesson plans for teachers from K to 12.
This short bibliography, prepared by staff at the National Museum of American History, includes books on the material culture of viniculture, some historic works on American winemaking not included in the Gabler bibliography, and some relevant works on American culture and taste.
This listing includes Edison's Papers, book-length studies, childrens books, and museums.
Selections for further reading on the growth and development of the U.S. Nuclear Navy.
A collection of readings and web sites on the development of the American Conservation Movement.
Information on the collection, links, and readings on Muybridge and his work on locomation.
Bibliography on the History of the Smithsonian Institution
A bibliography of print and non-print resources, a glossary of terms and a collection of related web links.
Suggested readings on World War II American home front life, magazine history, and the
A collection of books, articles, and web sites on the history and technology of electrical lighting.
A brief resource list for a unique subject.
A short list of readings on the Nixon presidency.
This bibliography lists books, journal articles, and reports documenting the story of electrical power restructuring in North America.
There are nine separate reading lists on topics related to the history, culture, preservation, and identification of Santos objects.
This [1979 thesis] study examines the first decade of Science Service, an institution for the popularization of science in Washington, D.C., during the tenure of Edwin E. Slosson as director, from 1921 to 1929. A selected bibliography is included.
The annotated bibliography includes information about related Web resources and teacher materials, as well as fiction and non-fiction books for children, young adults, and adults.
A collection of reference resources on the tools used in teaching mathematics in the United States from the 1800s onward.
There are eight subject categories from this exhibition reading list on West Point graduates and their contributions to the nation in peace and war.
An annotated reading list for elementary and middle school students and an extensive bibliography for older students interested in the themes related to the Ipswich House exhibition.
Architecture and Urbanism of the Southwest, is an illustrated essay by John Messina (AIA, Research Architect) and the University of Arizona Southwest Studies Center and the School of Architecture. The site also provides a recommended readings list of books and articles.
An interactive, electronic community, designed to enhance discussion and research in the Arts and Crafts movement. This site features: an archive of Arts and Crafts related sources; a listing of Arts and Crafts related events; a Forum for discussion of issues in the Arts and Crafts community; and a Marketplace.
Located in Toronto, the Bata Shoe Museum holds over 10,000 shoes in the collection.
The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) collections are among the largest and most heavily used in the Prints and Photographs Division of the Library of Congress. This online presentation of the HABS/HAER collections includes digitized images of measured drawings, black-and-white photographs, color transparencies, photo captions, data pages including written histories, and supplemental materials.
A University of Virginia American Studies project, this site documents the first explicit attempt to utilize the vaguely classical Beaux-Arts architectural style, which emerged from the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, for the explicit intent of beautification and social amelioration was the Senate Park Commission's redesign of the monumental core of Washington D.C. to commemorate the city's centennial. The McMillan Plan of 1901-02, named for Senator James McMillan, the commission's liaison and principal backer in Congress, was the United States' first attempt at city planning.
The Corning Museum of Glass's home page begins with its local address and phone numbers and provides a menu of places to visit within the museum site, including, "A Resource for Glass," a collection of information developed to answer questions about glass, and "Glossary of Glassmaking Terms," an alphabetical list of terms with in-depth definitions.
Slides from the collection of Jeffery Howe, Boston College. Arranged by century, building type, style, architect.
The Digital Library for the Decorative Arts and Material Culture collects electronic resources for study and research of the decorative arts, with a particular focus on Early America. Included are electronic texts and journals, image databases, and information on organizations, museums and research facilities. The site was created and is maintained at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries.
The Digital Library for the Decorative Arts and Material Culture collects and creates electronic resources for study and research of the decorative arts, with a particular focus on Early America. Included are electronic texts and facsimiles, image databases, and Web resources. Made possible by the Chipstone Foundation, the project is produced at the University of Wisconsin Madison General Library System.
A compilation of terms and acronyms on furniture styles, design and construction.
A commercial site with some brief descriptions of well known designers and their work.
A browse-able collection of issues from the 19th Century magazine, Harper's Bazaar (1867-1900).
MAD's bulletin board, with table of contents from current issues, and over 90 book reviews of books dealing with antiques and collectibles.
The Museum of Glass: International Center for Contemporary Art in Tacoma Washington presents contemporary art with a sustained concentration on the medium of glass. The Museum exhibition schedule includes works by internationally known artists and trends in contemporary art. The exhibition program offers artists and audiences the opportunity to experiment with and experience a full range of media in the visual arts.
Created by an act of Congress in 1980, the National Building Museum is America’s premier cultural institution dedicated to exploring and celebrating architecture, design, engineering, construction, and urban planning.
The National Register of Historic Places is the Nation's official list of cultural resources worthy of preservation. Authorized under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Register is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect our historic and archeological resources. Properties listed in the Register include districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects that are significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture. The National Register is administered by the National Park Service, which is part of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
An online version of the Toledo University exhibition, looks at four particular areas of Arts and Crafts in the Midwest: the book arts, architecture, interior and exterior design, and the decorative arts and attempts to explain how the movement in the heartland differed from its purer British counterpart.
The Quilt Index aims to be a central resource that incorporates a wide variety of sources and information on quilts, quiltmakers and quiltmaking. The Quilt Index was conceived and developed by The Alliance for American Quilts and implemented in collaboration with Michigan State University's MATRIX: The Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online and the Michigan State University Museum.
This site features a history of the Sears Modern Homes program, photos, catalog advertisements, references and a registry of owners. More than 100,000 Sears ready-made houses were sold from 1908 to 1940.
Founded in 1996, THE SKYSCRAPER MUSEUM is a private, not-for-profit, educational corporation devoted to the study of high-rise building, past, present, and future. Located in New York City, the world's first and foremost vertical metropolis, the museum celebrates the city's rich architectural heritage and examines the historical forces and individuals that have shaped its successive skylines. Through exhibitions, programs and publications, the museum explores tall buildings as objects of design, products of technology, sites of construction, investments in real estate, and places of work and residence.
Founded in 1940, the Society encourages scholarly research in the field and promotes the preservation of significant architectural monuments that are an integral part of the worldwide historical and cultural heritage. They publish the quarterly Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians and bimonthly Newsletter. There are several bibliographies and links to related organizations.
Stained Glass Magazine on the World Wide Web, featuring the Stained Glass Association of America's conference schedule, professional announcements, calls for papers, and lists of useful catalogues and resources of interest to collectors and historians of stained glass.
The Strong Museum's more than 500,000 objects include the world's largest and most historically significant collection of dolls and toys, America's most comprehensive collections of homecrafts and souvenirs, and nationally important collections of home furnishings and advertising materials.
The Strong Museum's more than 500,000 objects include the world's largest and most historically significant collection of dolls and toys, America's most comprehensive collections of homecrafts and souvenirs, and nationally important collections of home furnishings and advertising materials.
The Textile Society of America provides a forum for the exchange and dissemination of information about all aspects of textiles: historic, artistic, cultural, social, political, economic, and technical.
These documents are primary source material for the study of how urban planning developed up to the end of World War I. They include statements about techniques, principles, theories, and practice by those who helped to create a new professional specialization. This new field of city planning grew out of the land-based professions of architecture, engineering, surveying, and landscape architecture, as well as from the work of economists, social workers, lawyers, public health specialists, and municipal administrators.
The term "vernacular architecture" applies to traditional domestic and agricultural buildings, industrial and commercial structures, twentieth-century suburban houses, settlement patterns and cultural landscapes. The Vernacular Architecture Forum was formed in 1980 to encourage the study and preservation of these informative and valuable material resources.
The Museum's ceramics, glass, textiles, dress, silver, ironwork, jewellery, furniture, sculpture, paintings, prints and photographs span the cultures of Europe, North America, Asia and North Africa, and date from ancient times to the present day. There are 2000 images of the collection available for online viewing.
The Winterthur Library contains approximately half a million imprints, manuscripts, visual materials, and printed ephemera for research from the 17th century to the early 20th century. The museum collections include 85,000 domestic artifacts and works of art made or used in America to 1860.
This site is in association with the Eames exhibition tour
This collection consists of approximately 4,500 photographs documenting natural environments, ecologies, and plant communities in the United States at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century. The photographs were taken by Henry Chandler Cowles (1869-1939), George Damon Fuller (1869-1961), and other Chicago ecologists on field trips across the North American continent.
The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation History site is a collection of oral histories, photographs, and papers on the agency and it's work.
The historic and more recent maps contained in this category show early exploration and subsequent land use in various areas of the United States. These maps show the changes in the landscape, including natural and man-made features, recreational and wilderness areas, geology, topography, wetland area, vegetation, and wildlife. Specific conservation projects such as the growth and development of U.S. National Parks are included in this category.
The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920 documents the historical formation and cultural foundations of the movement to conserve and protect America's natural heritage, through books, pamphlets, government documents, manuscripts, prints, photographs, and motion picture footage drawn from the collections of the Library of Congress. The collection consists of 62 books and pamphlets, 140 Federal statutes and Congressional resolutions, 34 additional legislative documents, excerpts from the Congressional Globe and the Congressional Record, 360 Presidential proclamations, 170 prints and photographs, 2 historic manuscripts, and 2 motion pictures.
The Forest History Society has six databases that are searchable on the website via InMagic's Web Publisher software. All of the databases provide useful, detailed information about primary or secondary resource materials that aid research in the broad fields of forest, conservation, and environmental history.
This website is intended as a general resource for people interested in environmental history. Much of its content is compiled from the discussion list H-Environment and includes book reviews, conference announcements, a course syllabus library, and a survey of films. There are also links to other organizations and websites where you can find materials of interest.
Official website of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, with links to their archival collections, oral histories, and other information sources.
This U.S. Geological Survey web site strives to convey the importance of a historical context for understanding ongoing changes in land cover and land use. Each section has been written by researchers for the non-specialist and reviewed independently by peer scientists.
The University Of Buffalo Library holds the records of the Ecumenical Task Force, 1979-1991 which contain extensive documentation of the toxic waste controversies associated with the Love Canal and related toxic waste sites in Niagara County, New York. The ETF assembled a resource file of government and other reports concerning the Love Canal and related environmental issues. The reports in the resource file and elsewhere in the records include draft documents, photocopied statements prepared by Love Canal residents, scientists and ETF members for hearings on the Love Canal, speeches, consultant reports, articles, as well as printed and online reports.
The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History website of their Julia Child's Kitchen exhibition.
The Michigan State University Library and the MSU Museum have created an online collection of some of the most influential and important American cookbooks from the late 18th to early 20th century.
The online link to the printed journal, it has links to many related websites and print resources.
A fairly comprehensive private website that provides links to articles, information, food history dates, and a wide range of useful information on food.
A resource about food history, social history, manners and menus covering Prehistory through modern day.
The Janice Bluestein Longone Culinary Archive at the William L. Clements Library on the University of Michigan campus in Ann Arbor contains thousands of items from the 16th to 20th centuries - books, ephemera, menus, magazines, graphics, maps, manuscripts, diaries, letters, catalogues, advertisements, and reference works. It is a work in progress, and material is being added and catalogued daily.
Key Ingredients: America by Food explores the connections between Americans and the foods they produce, prepare, preserve, and present at the table – a provocative and thoughtful look at the historical, regional, and social traditions that merge in everyday meals and celebrations.
A new and developing web-based resource on New York City foodways and food history.
The Peacock Harper Culinary Collection is a collection of cookbooks and related items housed in the Virginia Tech Library.The VT Image Base contains over 700 images pertaining to culinary history and the collection. They publish an online newsletter called the Virginia Culinary Thymes
The Southern Foodways Alliance website contains links to ongoing research projects, symposiums and their oral history texts. It is a subsidiary of the University of Mississippi's, Center for the Study of Southern Culture.
This Smithsonian exhibition in the National Museum of American History features samples from the museum's collection of lunch boxes from the 19th century plain metal buckets to 20th century popular culture images on boxes made of synthetic materials.
This site links you to the various collections within the Canada Science and Technology Museum.
The Edison Papers Web Site is a searchable database, based on the University Press of America's editions of Thomas Edison's papers, which detail the first 31 years of his life.
This compilation from the Library of Congress lists sources useful in examining the history of household technology, primarily in the United States during the last half of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century.
Louisiana State University Libraries subject guide with limks to sources on intellectual property or patent and trademark searching.
Web site for the National Inventors Hall of Fame, in Akron, Ohio. Features a collection of biographies of members of the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
The Rothschild Petersen Patent Model Museum is the largest privately-owned collection of United States patent models in the world. Containing nearly 4,000 patent models and related documents, the collection spans America's Industrial Revolution.
The Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) is dedicated to the historical study of technology and its relations with politics, economics, labor, business, the environment, public policy, science, and the arts.
This commercial website engages in research on the history and evolution of offices, antique office machines and equipment, and business technology based on original documents and artifacts.
This project is designed to help preserve information about technology and make it accessible. The time-warp archive categories are: calculating machines, radio, audio equipment, recorded media, TV, toys, photography, bibliotech (paper), computers, gadgets, telephones, and clocks.
The official web site of the USPTO has a searchable database. Patents issued between 1790 and 1976 are searchable only by patent number and current US classifications.
This site contains articles on antique or redundant office technology and links to related sites.
This comprehensive website contains more than 1,400 pages, and is updated monthly with additional material. This website includes a nineteen-part synopsis of the expedition's story by historian Harry W. Fritz, illustrated with selections from the journals of the expedition, photographs, maps, animated graphics, moving pictures, and sound files.
This website provides the user with information about the history of the expedition in Kansas.
Lewis and Clark 200 is an internet portal that allows users to browse through businesses, events, and activities along the Lewis and Clark Trail and contains over 800 linked websites. This site also includes several online articles about Lewis and Clark in the History section. These articles cover a variety of topics such as the cost of the expedition, medical supplies and treatment, and food provisions.
In this site, users are able to follow the Lewis and Clark trail, and discover the flora and fauna and wildlife as they described it along the way. It includes an interactive map and original journal entries from the expedition.
This site provides a small sampling of primary materials (maps and journal entries) related to the Lewis and Clark expedition that are housed in the Library of Congress.
The Smithsonian Institution has created this directory of sites on the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Most of the information on this site is visual, consisting of various maps about the expedition in Idaho. However, users can download PDF publications about Lewis and Clark.
The Geographic Resources Center at the Department of Geography, University of Missouri partnered with the Missouri State Archives to create this website offering campsite maps, photo-realistic images of important river landmarks, and animated virtual Missouri River travel to trace Lewis and Clark's expedition.
Lewis and Clark in North Dakota is one of most informative websites available about the expedition. A highlight is the In North Dakota Link that includes personal profiles of the individuals involved in the expedition, background information about the sites that Lewis and Clark visited, an expedition chronology, a facts and trivia section, maps, and a bibliography.
This site is the online version of a pamphlet created by the South Dakota State Historical Society. It covers the history of the expedition in South Dakota and particularly focuses on the wildlife that Lewis and Clark encountered there. It also discusses the legacy of the expedition.
The mission of the Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation is to stimulate public appreciation of the Lewis and Clark Expedition's contributions to America's heritage, and to support education, research, development, and preservation of the Lewis and Clark experience. Their website includes a detailed history of the expedition with a bibliography. The site also includes a link to the The Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation Library. The Library has about 800 book titles and 300 articles relating to the Lewis & Clark Expedition. The library also has maps, genealogical information, sound, and video recordings. Users can search the library's catalog online.
This site outlines Indiana's important role in the expedition and lists events to commemorate the expedition.
This Smithsonian site reviews the cartographic work of the Corps of Discovery.
This website has a special section on Lewis and Clark that includes an expedition timeline, bibliography, website links, and online study resources for teachers and students. This site is particularly recommended for users who are interested in researching the role that President Thomas Jefferson played in the expedition.
This website is a companion resource to the Ken Burns film: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery and contains several special features that will appeal to users. It provides users with a search engine enables users to search the expedition journals by author, date, or year. It contains transcripts of unedited interviews with various experts and historians about their perspectives on the expedition. It also includes expedition timelines, maps, a bibliography, and related links.
The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition website makes available for users the text of the celebrated Nebraska edition of the journals, edited by by Gary M. Moulton. Moulton's edition is considered to be the most accurate and inclusive version published. Currently, the site offers almost two hundred pages from volume 4. In the future, the site will provide access to the full set of journals, almost 5000 pages of primary source material. This site also includes a full text search engine.
And throughout the 25,000 square feet of exhibition space are chronicles of migration, assimilation and invention. There are images of 19th-century Jewish settlers in Texas and New Mexico, and costumes from 19th-century Jewish charity balls; accounts of Jews in crime and in entertainment; examples of Jews as Confederates and as Union soldiers; anecdotes about Jews as distillers and as philanthropists. From more recent times we see displays of a baseball autographed by Sandy Koufax, a video of the comedian Sarah Silverman, Bella Abzug’s hat and Rebecca Rubin, a 2009 doll from the popular American Girl series, meant to be the daughter of Jewish immigrants on the Lower East Side of Manhattan. Near the narrative’s end displays on the suburbs and the Catskills yield to a three-screen theater space with film clips from 1960s counterculture and the feminist movement; then come Jewish-related record albums, television skits, campaign buttons and the open-ended future.
This museum shows the Jew as American, present at the country’s founding and at each turning point. It is the latest incarnation of the “identity museum,” a genre that typically celebrates hyphenated American identity. These museums are expressions of triumphs by minorities, announcing their allegiances, accounting for their hardships, chronicling their political awakenings, recalling their contributions. In a sense the identity museum is a morality tale about success in the cooled-off melting-pot of contemporary democracy; it is a declaration of political power to outsiders, an affirmation of shared experience to cohorts.
As in other identity museums, there is a Hall of Fame here, in this case a multimedia area in the lobby called the “ ‘Only in America’ Gallery,” with images and artifacts honoring 18 Jewish-Americans selected by voters on the Internet. But the museum’s hand is evident in the careful distribution of honorees: Irving Berlin and Leonard Bernstein, Albert Einstein and Estée Lauder, Golda Meir and Barbra Streisand, Isaac Bashevis Singer and Mr. Koufax.
The museum’s argument is that the success of the Jews in the United States can be attributed to the unprecedented character of American liberty. And that becomes evident. The museum is careful too not to turn celebration into a cartoon; there are many struggles along the way. It also points out that not all Jews were unambiguously devoted to ideas of freedom, nor, as it notes in passing, was liberty always an unalloyed blessing for Jewry — it implicitly accommodated assimilation and intermarriage. (One 1735 portrait here shows a Philadelphia Jew, resonantly named Phila Franks, who eloped to marry Oliver De Lancey, a Calvinist Huguenot.)
We learn of the development of Reform Judaism, which in its embrace of American liberalism rejected so many Jewish ritual obligations that when its seminary in Cincinnati, the Hebrew Union College, celebrated the ordination of its first rabbis in 1883, it served what became known as the Trefa Banquet. The menu, seen here, was dominated by “treyf,” or nonkosher, foods, including oysters, clams, shrimp and frogs’ legs, while readily mixing milk and meat.
But with its preoccupation with liberty, the museum has also given American Jewish history a spin. Freedom’s importance surely includes freedom to worship, which has been far from guaranteed in Jewish history. It also includes freedom to participate in civil society as a secular citizen, and this too, even in Europe after the Enlightenment, could hardly be taken for granted. The United States has been the great exception. But then the museum leans heavily toward the right-hand side of the Jewish-American hyphen, being more preoccupied with the freedom Jews had to become Americans, than the freedom they had to remain Jews.
It is as if the museum so wanted to generalize from the Jewish experience and justify its mission as a beacon celebrating political and ethnic freedom, that it misses much of Judaism’s particularity. The outline of the story becomes generic; it simply taps into the contemporary identity narrative. We never really understand what Judaism has been as a religion, as a collection of beliefs and laws; so we never see how those beliefs and laws might have been consistent with American visions of liberty. Nor do we understand how they might have contributed to the success of Jews in America or even shaped their lives in secular society.
The museum’s focus is on particular Jews, their migrations, their political positions, their achievements, their enjoyments of American possibilities — all social or material aspects of identity. This is one reason so much of the final gallery is given over to the ’60s counterculture, to feminism and to political protest: the emphasis, here as elsewhere, is on civil rights (though there is little exploration of why so many Jews were drawn to the counterculture).
Similarly, in the exhibition as a whole, Reform Judaism gets extensive attention, because close association with civil and secular life was one of its initial preoccupations. But we hardly learn anything about the growth of the other distinctive American Jewish movements, including Conservative,Reconstructionist, varieties of American Orthodoxy, or even, in more recent decades, Hasidism’s resurrection as a potent religious (and political) force. The exhibition makes it seem as if the culmination of the American-Jewish experience was an amorphous cultural Judaism.
Something important is missed as a result. In European countries the administration of Jewish communities was typically highly centralized; these communities were answerable to central governments as alien bodies. Even where the Ottoman Empire ruled, Jews were considered metics — foreign resident groups, with semi-autonomous deferential administrations.
In the United States all that was thoroughly overturned. It wasn’t just freedom of worship that changed things. It was a spirit of individualism. Communal Jewish regulation was weakened and possibilities multiplied. Without any central authority and spread over wide geographical distances, Jews could choose a community, a house of worship and, in a sense, a set of beliefs — or not. Independent movements could proliferate and gather adherents more easily than in Europe, which may be one reason American Jewish denominations have had such a profound impact. The United States inspired a kind of libertarian Judaism that led to strange tensions, given the traditional rigors of Jewish law and community life.
The museum’s focus on freedom is actually too constrictive. It limits the ways Judaism can be understood, gives too much emphasis to some things, ignores others. The museum is partly correct about the emergence of cultural Judaism — without ever using that phrase — but we don’t come closer to understanding it. What we are offered instead are glimpses into a remarkable history. We are also challenged — and perhaps this is sufficient — to make sense of its connection to the political culture that took shape a few hundred yards away.Continue reading the main story