Vacherin Dessert Definition For Essays

It’s not surprising if you’re perplexed by the term dacquoise. While the term is used fairly frequently in the world of cake decorating, the definition is not clear: Is it a specific type of dessert, or is it a type of cake that is used as a component? 

Photo collage featuring photos licensed via Creative Commons by Flickr members pinotshop and merlejajoonas

Turns out, the term dacquoise (pronounced “dah-kwahze”, in your Frenchest voice, please) can be assigned to both finished dessert and the cake component.

According to Bakepedia, “Originating in the south of France, dacquoise is a meringue made with very finely chopped nuts folded into the mixture before baking.”

Often baked in rounds, dacquoise discs are often then employed as layers in cake creations, stacked with pastry cream, buttercream, whipped cream, ganache, or a mixture of any of the above. While cakes featuring dacquoise may have their own names, they can also be referred to as dacquoise.

In a nutshell, the term dacquoise can be used to describe a myriad of desserts. Technically dacqoise is the meringue-like layer employed in cake creations. But over the years it has become common to refer to not just the layer but the entire cake as “dacquoise”, giving the term an expanded meaning.

How to use dacquoise

So now that you have an idea of what dacquoise is…how do you use it? Here are some delicious ideas.

Photo licensed via Creative Commons by Flickr member pinotshop

Make a layered dessert

Dacquoise can be assembled in alternating layers with pastry cream or fillings to create fantastic desserts. A famous and particularly delicious variation is the aforementioned dessert known as marjolaine, a French pastry creation including layers of dacquoise paired with praline cream, pastry cream, and chocolate ganache.

For a simpler version, you could sandwich discs or layers of dacquoise with whipped cream and fresh fruit for a simple yet elegant dessert.

Pavlova via Craftsy instructor Gale Gand

Use it to make a tricked-out pavlova

Use your dacquoise to make the shell for a particularly toothsome pavlova variation. It will differ from a classic pavlova, which does not employ nuts in the meringue batter, but it will be extremely tasty.

Make meringues

Strictly speaking, you don’t have to pipe your dacquoise mixture into discs. You can also pipe it into puffs using a star tip, and make simple yet flavorful meringue cookies.

Photo via CakeSpy

Make macarons

Dacquoise batter can be dual-purpose: if you work the batter to a smooth, shiny consistency, you can easily pipe the mixture into small rounds to create fancy French macarons. Filled with a ganache or buttercream filling, these delicate and dainty treats will make for a fancy dessert course or teatime treat.

Photo via CakeSpy

Mix up your nut flour

There’s an easy way to tailor dacquoise to suit a variety of palates: vary the type of nut used in the batter. You can use crushed hazelnuts, almonds, pistachios, or just about any type of nut you’d like in dacquoise.

Try out coconut flour

If you don’t want tree nuts in your dacquoise, you can make it with coconut flour instead. Since coconut is not actually a nut, it makes the recipe suitable even for those with nut allergies.

Have you ever made dacquoise? 

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As noted by our Big Gay recapping duo in the premiere episode, Top Chef Just Desserts is rife with terms that make no sense if you aren't a professional pastry chef. Or a sugarist, which is apparently a job. Some verbiage is self-explanatory (micro basil; non-functional garnish). Others, like "decoring," sound kinda made up.

For the rest, we turn to Le Bernardin executive pastry chef Michael Laiskonis, who was busy prepping for the restaurant's reopening, but took some time to clarify what the hell these people are talking about. Let's get up to speed, shall we?

Bomboloni: Every culture seems to have a dessert based on fried dough; this would be an Italian version, often attributed to Tuscany in particular. Usually filled, sometimes served warm, bomboloni are so named for their resemblance, of course, to small bombs.

Coulis: A sauce, or more specifically a thinned purée, typically of fresh fruits; derived from the French verb couler, which basically means ‘to flow’.

Cremeux:
One could split hairs on the proper composition of a cremeux, but it really just means ‘creamy’. I like to describe it as a textural cross between a ganache and a mousse?dense, yet soft and, well, creamy. Pudding, as it were, might qualify as a kind of cremeux.

Dacquoise: A simple baked meringue with the addition of finely ground almond or hazelnut flour, to be used as a single layer in a cake or pastry; also refers to a finished cake, with multiple layers of the nut meringue filled with sweetened whipped cream or butter cream.

Feuilletine: Used as a textural element in desserts, feuilletine is essentially a very thin crepe that has been baked through until crispy, then crumbled in to flakes. It has a tendency become soft when exposed to moisture, so it's often mixed with chocolate and nut pastes.

Île Flottante: French for 'floating island', this delicate preparation is seriously old-school. Whipped sweetened egg whites a spooned into mounds and poached, usually in milk. Traditionally these light puffs would be served with creme anglaise and a wisp of spun sugar.

Micro cake: A light and fluffy cake created by loading a batter into a charged whipped cream canister, then dispensing the foam into a small paper cup; the cake is formulated to cook extremely fast, allowing it to be 'baked' in a microwave often, often in as little as 30 seconds. The technique was 'invented' by the research team at El Bulli a few years ago, and popularized in Albert Adria's pastry book, Natura.

Pavlova: A meringue-based dessert of Australian origin, named after, as the story goes, Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova, because of the meringue’s characteristic soft center. Often served with fresh fruits and whipped cream, one could call this dessert a close cousin of the French vacherin.

PCP (pastry cream powder): A pastry cream, is a cooked custard, thickened both by egg yolks and starch. Traditionally that starch was flour or corn starch. In recent years, special ‘hot process’ starch blends have been produced for pastry chefs to achieve the same result. Though typically not used in high-end kitchens, ‘cold process’ pastry cream powders are also available?such products produce a cream similar to the traditional one, though without the need to be cooked.

Reverse sphered yogurt: Spherification is another technique popularized by El Bulli and Ferran Adria. In the ‘conventional’ method, sodium alginate (an extract of certain types of algae) is blended into a liquid, then dropped into a bath containing a purified form of calcium, most often calcium chloride. A unique property of the alginate is that it forms a gel in the presence of calcium, so the resulting effect is a liquid-center sphere, encased within a ‘skin’ of itself.

Because there are disadvantages to the original technique, chefs now tend to prefer the ‘reverse’ method, where the calcium is added to the liquid to be spherified, and then dropped in an alginate and water solution. In the case of the yogurt spheres, added calcium is unnecessary, as the yogurt itself naturally has ample calcium for the technique to work.

Sablée: From the French word for ‘sandy’, this pastry term refers to basic shortbread-type doughs, and its characteristic crumbly, tender texture. It can take the form of a simple cookie, or as an element in a tart, cake, or plated dessert.

Showpiece: A large edible sculpture generally fashioned from chocolate or sugar or a combination of the two. Such technical skills?including the design and clean, flawless execution- are often a focal point of competitions, from Top Chef to the Meilleur Ouvrier de France, but showpieces are typically displayed as decorative elements to buffets. Often the showpiece itself can be used as a vehicle to hold a cake or small petit fours. Primarily the domain of hotel pastry chefs, those of us in restaurants are rarely afforded the opportunity to practice this meticulous craft.

· All Top Chef Just Desserts Coverage on Eater [-E-]
· All Michael Laiskonis Coverage on Eater [-E-]

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